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The Archaeology of Sonora

Archaeology Southwest Magazine Vol. 30, No. 3

Issue editors: Elisa Villalpando (INAH) and Randall H. McGuire (SUNY-Binghamton)

ASWM 30-3 Cover

A monsoon rainshower descends on Cerro de Trincheras as evening sunlight floods in from the west. In this low oblique aerial view to the southeast, no modern structures are visible, yet the ancient stone terraces visibly striate the flanks of the main hill. © Adriel Heisey

Issue editors and long-time co-investigators Randy McGuire and Elisa Villalpando and their colleagues give an introduction to the archaeology of Sonora, a state in northwest Mexico that shares millennia of human experience with the southern U.S. Southwest.

Sonora Culture Areas Map

Culture areas of Sonora. Map by Catherine Gilman.

For further reading: Many of the authors’ names below are linked to their scholarly web pages or their pages at academia.edu. Those pages show bibliographies related to the research presented in this issue.

The Archaeology of SonoraRandall H. McGuire and Elisa Villalpando

In Brief: México’s National Institute of Anthropology and History — Elisa Villalpando

First SonoransGuadalupe Sánchez and Vance T. Holliday

Archaic SonoraJohn Carpenter, Guadalupe Sánchez, and Ismael Sánchez-Morales

Sonora’s Early Farmers — John Carpenter, Elisa Villalpando, and Guadalupe Sánchez

In Brief: La Playa and Las Capas — R. Jane Sliva

Sierra Alta--Cueva de Ochoa

Collapsed rooms at Cueva de Ochoa. Image: Júpiter Martínez

Sierra Alta CommunitiesJúpiter Martínez Ramírez

The Sahuaripa Valley — John Carpenter and Guadalupe Sánchez

The Moctezuma ValleyMatthew Pailes

The Ónavas Valley — Cristina García-Moreno and James T. Watson

Onavas Visualization--Ciaccio

Artist’s visualization of outward appearance of deliberate cranial modification observed among the remains of Ónavas residents. The backdrop shows the setting of the valley. Image: Robert B. Ciaccio, in consultation with the authors

The Trincheras Tradition — Randall H. McGuire and Elisa Villalpando

A Closer Look: Women on the Move — Tanya Chiykowski

Transformation by FireJessica I. Cerezo-Román

Death, Memorial, and Remembrance in Sonora — James T. Watson

Comcaac Anthropology of Meaningful PlacesNatalia Martínez Tagüeña

Rock Art at the La Pintada Site

A detail of the damage on the rock paintings in the second segment of the canyon due to exfoliation, cracking, and disgregation of the rock support. Images: Sandra Cruz, Courtesy of CNCPC-INAH

Preservation Spotlight: Rock Art Conservation at La PintadaSandra Cruz Flores

Back Sight — William H. Doelle

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