This issue discusses our rapidly changing knowledge about the first farmers in the Southwest, and builds upon the first-ever issue of Archaeology Southwest, which was also devoted to early agriculture. Articles highlight core themes of an advanced seminar that was held at the Museum of Northern Arizona on August 6 and 7, 2008, in conjunction with the Pecos Conference.
Editor Sarah Herr begins with an overview of research developments over the past ten years, noting that, at present, the earliest known maize and settlements in the Southwest date to around 2100 B.C., and the earliest known canals are dated to approximately 1500 B.C. Authors explore the beginnings of maize agriculture, paleoenvironmental reconstructions, stream reach boundaries, the Las Capas site, food provisioning and foraging, the health of early agriculturalists, the La Playa site, the Four Corners region during the agricultural transition, perishable artifacts and social boundaries, and social and ideological changes. The issue includes special features on Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) Dating, the Old Corn Site, aerial photography of the Las Capas site, and the settlement at Kin Kahuna.