Lower Cliff Dwelling, Courtesy of the NPS
Tonto National Monument protects two cliff dwellings that provide the best-preserved architectural evidence related to what archaeologists call the Salado (opens as a PDF) cultural phenomenon.
About 40 to 60 people might have lived among the 20 rooms of the Lower Cliff Dwelling at its height. The Upper Cliff Dwelling contains about 40 rooms—32 at ground level, and 8–10 on a second story. People lived in the Upper Dwelling for more than a century. By 1450, though, people had left the region.
Access to the Upper Cliff Dwelling is seasonal and by guided tour only. Because it is a fragile backcountry site, group size is very limited. Call for information.