Banner image by Anton Flegar, via Wikimedia Commons
A place of deep historical significance, Pecos Pueblo (Cicuye) was one of few sites in the Southwest where people lived across the transition from ancient to historical times. It was a powerful pueblo in a defensive location that also afforded interaction with Plains tribes at trade fairs. At its height, some 2,000 people lived there. Generations saw Coronado’s entrada, the building of the first mission church after 1621, the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, and the subsequent building of a smaller mission church. People left the pueblo to join Jemez Pueblo in 1838.
Archaeological excavations at Pecos Pueblo (1914–1929) under A. V. Kidder’s leadership helped define the study of Southwestern archaeology.