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The Great Bend of the Gila

Patayan waterbird petroglyph at Hummingbird Point. Image credit: Henry D. Wallace.

Archaeology Southwest Magazine Vol. 25, No. 1
Free PDF download of this issue

William H. Doelle and Andy Laurenzi, Archaeology Southwest (formerly the Center for Desert Archaeology), and Ella Pierpoint, Arizona Site Steward

This issue of Archaeology Southwest Magazine presents several thousand years of human history along the Great Bend of the Gila River. It taps the records of early travelers and archaeologists to reveal some of the hidden history of a unique, sometimes overlooked cultural landscape.

The Great Bend of the Gila

Hohokam and Patayan

The Gatlin Site, a National Historic Landmark

Ancient Rock and the Great Bend Gallery

First Recording in 1852

Use of Hillsides and Hilltops

Community-based Preservation Archaeology

Norton Allen

Trails Across the Millennia

U.S. Route 80, Broadway of America

Gillespie Dam Bridge — Hugh Davidson, Maricopa County Department of Transportation

Back Sight — William H. Doelle, Center for Desert Archaeology

Documented trails of the O’odham and Pee Posh

This map of trails appeared in Archaeology Southwest Magazine Vol. 21, No. 4. It accompanied an article by J. Andrew Darling and Barnaby Lewis entitled, “Ancient Trails of the Arid Southwest.”

For further reading

On Norton Allen:

Ferg, Alan, and Richard A. Schwartzlose, editors

2010  Norton Allen: The Legacy of a Southwestern Artist and Avocational Archaeologist. Journal of the Southwest, Vol. 52, Nos. 2 and 3. The Southwest Center, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Ferg, Alan, and Richard A. Schwartzlose

2008  Norton Allen, Ernest Allen, and Ethel Allen in Southwestern Arizona and Southern California. In Fragile Patterns: The Archaeology of the Western Papaguería, edited by Jeffrey H. Altschul and Adrianne G. Rankin, pp. 77-103. SRI Press, Tucson.

On earlier archaeological work in the region:

Wasley, William W., and Alfred E. Johnson

1965  Salvage Archaeology in Painted Rocks Reservoir Western Arizona. Anthropological Papers of the University of Arizona, No. 9. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Greenleaf, J. Cameron

1975  The Fortified Hill Site Near Gila Bend, Arizona. The Kiva, Vol. 40, No. 4.  Arizona Archaeological and Historical Society, Tucson.

An introduction to Hohokam and Patayan archaeology in the region:

McGuire, Randall H., and Michael B. Schiffer, editors

1982  Hohokam and Patayan: Prehistory of Southwestern Arizona. Academic Press, New York.

A recent compilation of archaeological work in the Great Bend and southwestern Arizona:

Altschul, Jeffrey H., and Adrianne G. Rankin, editors

2008  Fragile Patterns: The Archaeology of the Western Papaguería. SRI Press, Tucson.

Bartlett’s account:

Bartlett, John R.

1854  Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua Connected with the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, during the Years 1850, ’51, ’52, and ‘53. 2 vols. D. Appleton, New York.

On the fates of the Oatmans:

McGinty, Brian

2005  The Oatman Massacre: A Tale of Desert Captivity and Survival. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

Mifflin, Margot

2011  The Blue Tattoo: The Life of Olive Oatman. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

On the Butterfield Overland Mail:

Conkling, Roscoe P., and Margaret B. Conkling

1947  The Butterfield Overland Mail, 1857–1869. Its Organization and Operation over the Southern Route to 1861; Subsequently Over the Central Route to 1866; and Under Wells Fargo to 1869. A. H. Clark, Glendale, CA.

Ormsby, Waterman L.

1988  The Butterfield Overland Mail. Only Through Passenger on the First Westbound Stage. Lyle H. Wright and Josephine M. Bynum, editors. Huntington Library Press, San Marino, CA.

On U.S. 80:

Weingroff, Richard F., “U.S. Route 80. The Dixie Overland Highway.” U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.

To download this list as a PDF, click here.

Corrections: Archaeologist Alfred E. Johnson’s first name was misspelled in Archaeology Southwest Magazine Vol. 25, No. 1. Additionally, Alfred E. Johnson did not work at the Gatlin site or the Fortaleza, as stated. Archaeologist Frank Eddy worked with William Wasley at the Gatlin site. Archaeologist Cameron Greenleaf worked with William Wasley at Fortaleza. William W. Wasley and Alfred E. Johnson did, however, author a report on these and other archaeological projects in the region (see reference above).

We sincerely regret these errors.

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