The Parque de Santa Cruz Project: Life on the Northern Margin of the Valencia Community (TR2008-2)
The Parque de Santa Cruz archaeological project preceded construction of a retail center along the eastern bank of the Santa Cruz River in the City of Tucson. In conjunction with construction of the shopping center, the development plan also called for stabilization of the incised channel of the Santa Cruz River and for a river walk along the upper banks. Desert Archaeology, Inc., was contracted by the Barclay Group to conduct archaeological data recovery in the Parque de Santa Cruz project area prior to beginning construction. Archaeological data recovery was completed based on an approved treatment plan (Chenault 2006), with the United States Army Corps of Engineers serving as the lead oversight agency. Michael Lindeman and Jonathan Mabry directed the project for Desert Archaeology, with William Doelle serving as principle investigator. The fieldwork was carried out under Arizona State Museum permit number 2006-132ps. Phase 1 Data Recovery was conducted at eight archaeological sites: AZ BB:13:20 (ASM), AZ BB:13:21 (ASM), AZ BB:13:74 (ASM), AZ BB:13:101 (ASM), AZ BB:13:103 (ASM), AZ BB:13:104 (ASM), AZ BB:13:105 (ASM), and AZ BB:13:794 (ASM). Phase 2 Data Recovery was conducted at five sites at which significant subsurface remains were uncovered during the initial excavations: BB:13:74, BB:13:101, BB:13:103, BB:13:104, and BB:13:794. The investigated sites range in age from the Early Agricultural period (1200 B.C.-A.D. 50) at BB:13:101, to late historic (A.D. 1900-1950) canals at BB:13:794. The largest concentration of features date to the Hohokam Sedentary period (A.D. 950-1100), and were found at BB:13:74, BB:13:103, BB:13:104, and BB:13:794. Excavation strategies were designed to accomplish the goals of the Treatment Plan and, specifically, the research design outlined in it. Based on excavation results, the volume that follows focuses on four research themes: household production, household social standing, community history, and intercommunity integration.