The Dil zhé’é, Hopi, and Yavapai in the Upper and Middle Verde Valley: Their Histories, Landscapes, and Homelands — SR 260 Cottonwood-to-Camp Verde Data Recovery Project (TR2007-02)
This ethnohistory of the Upper and Middle Verde Valley is an important part of the basic research proposed and partially implemented for the Arizona Department of Transportation State Route (SR) 260—Cottonwood-to-Camp Verde Archaeology Project. Work along 19 miles (31 km) of SR 260 was planned to occur in four segments between Mileposts 209 and 228. Archaeological data recovery at four sites (Hall 2001a, 2001b) and road realignment and improvements are complete for Segment 1A, Segment 1B, and Segment 2. Construction in Segment 3, extending southeast from Segment 2 and continuing to West Clear Creek, has not currently been scheduled, and data recovery at the Calkins Ranch site and at two smaller sites remains to be done.
Although the scope of this project is modest, the project corridor runs through a rich archaeological and historic landscape that deserves more extensive study. Sites important to a number of pre-Columbian and more recent cultural groups are nearby, including Tuzigoot, Montezuma Castle, and Montezuma Well. As a supplement to the archaeological data recovery preceding road improvements, this report broadens the frame of reference and helps place the project area into a wider context in terms of space and time.