Was it a Catastrophe...
Archaeologists used to believe that Hohokam population decline happened quickly and was caused by some type of catastrophe, such as flooding, disease, or warfare.
…or was it Coalescence?
If population decline did not result from a single catastrophe, understanding why it happened is more complicated. Archaeologists now believe the region experienced a gradual, centuries-long process of population decline. Archaeology Southwest researchers explain this region-wide decline through the Coalescent Communities model.
Assembling the puzzle to see the big picture
Now that we have four pieces of the puzzle, we can put them together to finally see how they create a new perspective on what happened to the Hohokam archaeological culture.